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Scope in JavaScript & the 4 different types scope – Part 1

The word “scope” itself means “extent “or “range” to which a subject matter is limited to. In context to coding this means, that whether you can use a variable or not, is determined by where it is declared in your code. There are 4 types of scope in a JavaScript document, for example script.js

1. Global scope

Inside a JavaScript document, global scope is the area outside any functions and blocks of code which are determined by the presence of opening and closing curly braces {}. For example: 

//Global scope

function x() {


2. Local scope

Local scope refers to variables that are declared and/or assigned a value within a function.

function localScope() {

  // local scope


3. Block scope

A block scope is defined as the area within curly braces {}. For example, if – else conditional statements, switch conditions, for and while loops and others.

 //block scope

4. Lexical scope

Within a function, any code blocks and child functions have access to the variables defined inside the main parent function’s scope. This is called lexical scope.

function parentScope() {

  //variables declared here

  function child() {

    //variables can be accessed here




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